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Te Marautanga o Aotearoa

Te Marautanga o Aotearoa is being redesigned to reflect a more indigenous curriculum, grounded in te ao Māori, based on the concepts of Te Tamaiti Hei Raukura.

How we are redesigning  

The journey to a redesigned curriculum requires the contribution and participation of ākonga, kaiako, kura, whānau, hapū and iwi. Mātauranga and advice from our communities are key to realising aspirations for mokopuna and creating real change for Aotearoa.  

2024 Update

We are redesigning Te Marautanga o Aotearoa to reflect a more indigenous curriculum that is consistent with the:  

  • philosophies and principles of kaupapa Māori education and Māori-medium education  

  • aspirations of whānau, hapū and iwi  

  • central position of the Māori language and culture.  

The redesigned curriculum will shift the current curriculum structure toward a more holistic and ākonga-centred pedagogy. It will prepare ākonga for the future by developing the skills and capabilities they need to thrive in their ever-changing world.  


The eight redesigned wāhanga ako (learning areas) for TMoA will be: Te Reo Rangatira, Te Ao Māori, Pāngarau, Pūtaiao me te Hangarau, Toi Ihiihi, Waiora, Te Reo Pākehā, and Ngā Reo.  

The updated timelines for the redesign of Te Marautanga o Aotearoa (TMoA) are:  

  • Final Te Reo Rangatira (Years 0 to 6) will be available in Term 4, 2024 and required from the start of 2025.  

  • Draft Te Reo Rangatira (Years 7 to 13) and Pāngarau (Years 0-13) will be available in Term 4, 2024 and required from the start of 2026.  

  • All other draft wāhanga ako (Te Ao Māori, Pūtaiao me te Hangarau, Toi Ihiihi, Waiora, Te Reo Pākehā, and Ngā Reo) and overall curriculum framework will be available in Term 4, 2025 and required from the start of 2027.  

  • Te Reo Rangatira and Pāngarau will be ready for schools and kura to use in Term 4 (2024).  

  • The remaining learning areas | wāhanga ako will be updated the following year and made available for Term 4 2025. This will give schools a full year (2026) to engage with the fully updated curriculum before requirements are introduced from the start of 2027 – which is consistent with the timing planned by the previous government.

New Variant

Frequently Asked Questions


In 2018, through surveys and wānanga as part of Kōrero Mātauranga – Education Conversation, we engaged with kaiako, parents, whānau, ākonga and communities who said that Māori were seeking flexible, holistic teaching practices that cater to all learning styles, rather than a “one size fits all” approach. 

Additionally, we were told that kura have found it challenging to realise the aspirations of their marau-ā-kura within the context of a largely subject-based framework 

In 2019, the Curriculum, Progress and Achievement Ministerial Advisory Group (CPA MAG) recommended we review Te Marautanga o Aotearoa and to “work with the Māori-medium sector to define a new curriculum framework policy for Māori-medium education that validates mātauranga Māori and promotes a child-centred curriculum with a broader definition of success”. 

As a result, Te Marautanga o Aotearoa will be redesigned in collaboration with kaupapa Māori and Māori medium education experts, leaders, kaiako, ākonga, whānau and iwi to develop a national curriculum that: 

  • reflects all that kura, whānau and iwi value most 

  • enables a broader definition of success 

  • provides holistic and integrated learning and teaching programmes. 

Te Marautanga o Aotearoa, as we know and understand it, will change and evolve into a future-focussed curriculum that will be more authentically indigenous, holistic, ākonga-focussed, and support teaching and learning programmes.

Te Marautanga o Aotearoa, as it is today, was last redeveloped from 2005 - 2009. It was then implemented in 2010. A new strand of Hangarau, Hangarau Matihiko, was developed in 2015. 

In addition, Te Takanga o Te Wā, a new strand of Tikanga ā-Iwi, was developed in 2019 - 2021 and is currently being implemented. 

The new curriculum and supporting material are to be implemented in kura from 2027.

The redesigned Te Marautanga o Aotearoa is to be made available in accessible formats and support kaiako and tumuaki (leaders) to:  

  • Successfully develop mokopuna te reo Māori fluency.  

  • Have high expectations for every mokopuna, regardless of individual need, background, or circumstances.  

  • Differentiates teaching to meet the needs of individual mokopuna. Teaching guidance will help kaiako to respond to the diversity of mokopuna needs, recognising the way they engage and are motivated to learn, the way they comprehend and process information, and the way they navigate the learning environment and express what they know.  

  • Recognise that mokopuna may have different te reo Māori proficiency levels when they begin in kura and may need different approaches to support them to achieve academic language proficiency.  

  • Recognise that mokopuna progress at different paces.  

  • Understand and effectively use second language acquisition pedagogy.  

  • Develop language rich learning environments that build high-quality bilingual language proficiency capabilities.  

  • Understand the indicators of mastery and to know when mokopuna are ready to progress.  

  • Recognise the value of contextualisation and how effective planning can be used to engage mokopuna in their learning and bring Te Marautanga o Aotearoa to life in teaching and learning programmes. 

Te Marautanga o Aotearoa is part of the national curriculum for schooling and is available for all kura and schools to use. This will still be the case for the redesigned curriculum. 

The New Zealand Curriculum is being refreshed, so, the fundamental structure of this curriculum will remain the same but learning areas will be refreshed and clarified. This is different to the redesign of Te Marautanga o Aotearoa because we are building a more indigenous curriculum grounded in te ao Māori, based on the conceptual framework Te Tamaiti Hei Raukura.

See more about the refresh of The New Zealand Curriculum. 

The ‘national curriculum for schooling’ refers to Te Marautanga o Aotearoa and The New Zealand Curriculum. The National curricula are available for all kura and schools.